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Kondo destruction in RKKY-coupled Kondo lattice and multi-impurity systems

Phys. Rev. Lett.
Ammar Nejati, Katinka Ballmann, and Johann Kroha

Abstract. In a Kondo lattice, the spin exchange coupling between a local spin and the conduction electrons acquires nonlocal contributions due to conduction electron scattering from surrounding local spins and subsequent RKKY interaction. It leads to a hitherto unrecognized interference of Kondo screening and RKKY interaction beyond the Doniach scenario. We develop a renormalization group theory for the RKKY-modified Kondo vertex. The Kondo temperature, T_K(y), is suppressed in a universal way, controlled by the dimensionless RKKY coupling parameter y. Complete spin screening ceases to exist beyond a critical RKKY strength y_c even in the absence of magnetic ordering. At this breakdown point, T_K(y) remains nonzero and is not defined for larger RKKY couplings, y>y_c. The results are in quantitative agreement with STM spectroscopy experiments on tunable two-impurity Kondo systems. The possible implications for quantum critical scenarios in heavy-fermion systems are discussed.



Talk by Nicolas Néel, TU Ilmenau

Date: 24.11.16, 1pm c.t.
Location: BCTP I

Magnetism on Surfaces Studied with a Scanning Tunneling Microscope:

Kondo Effect and Magneto-Resistance


Nicolas Néel, Jörg Kröger
Institut für Physik, Technische Universität Ilmenau


The properties of magnetic structures on surfaces were investigated using a low temperature scanning tunneling microscope (STM).  On non-magnetic metallic surfaces the interaction of the magnetic moment of a single Co atom with the conduction electrons of the surface leads to the Kondo effect. Modifications of the Kondo effect were investigated using the unique capabilities of the STM, that is, fabrication of artificial clusters containing Cu and Co atoms, spectroscopy with high energy resolution and the controlled contact of the Kondo atom with the tip of the microscope.  Using magnetic electrodes magneto-resistive effects in atomic-scale junctions were investigated. Spin valve effects and anisotropic magneto-resistance were observed in these junctions revealing the crucial role of the electronic orbital symmetry in interpreting these phenomena. Neel talk STM



New Lecture: Selected Topics in Modern Condensed-Matter Theory

During the winter term 2016/2017, our group will host a lecture on selected topics in condensed-matter physics. Over the past few years, research in this field has witnessed several novel developments, which are revolutionizing our understanding of many-body systems. Among those developments are

  • the simulation of many-body problems in ultracold atomic-gas systems;
  • quantum phase transitions as a means for realizing exotic states of matter;
  • topological aspects of Hilbert spaces.

The course will discuss these developments and provide some of the necessary theoretical techniques.

Specific topics are:

  • Feynman diagram technique;
  • the method of slave fields for strong interactions;
  • phase transitions, critical phenomena, renormalization group method;
  • topological structure of the Hilbert space and consequences for the properties condensed-matter systems. Topological insulators.



OSCAR taking off!

Since 1 July 2016, the DFG collaborative research center OSCAR, Open System Control of Atomic and photonic matter with Reservoirs, is up and running. Groups from U Bonn and TU Kaiserslautern are collaborating within this CRC. Our group contributes two projects.


Research area B: Control of quantum many-body systems by environments.
Our group contributes to this area by developing the theory for understanding the dynamics of Bose-Einstein condensates with complex interactions, like photon condensates investigated experimentally in Martin Weitz' group.  The main theoretical tool is non-equilibrium Keldysh quantum field theory.





Research area C: Topological states in atomic and photonic systems.
The main focus lies on the development of basic tools and methods to create topological order in atomic and photonic matter as an alternative approach to control and protect quantum states. We investigate the topological stabilization of transport in Floquet-topological systems, where topological order is induced by time-periodic driving. Floquet-topological states are investigated experimentally in Dieter Meschede's group, using quantum walk techniques.


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